Natural Gender Differences
It is very clear that men are women are very different from a physical point of view. The differences between them in social, political, intellectual, cultural or economic achievements or attitudes are represented by the gender gap. In what follows I am going to present you some cases of natural gender inequality. I am not taking any sides; I am simply presenting you the facts as they are.
Men and women get around in different manners, but it has been proven that the men are ahead when it comes to spatial awareness. The men use cardinal directions in order to navigate, using miles and kilometers, whereas the women use the left-right directions and the landmarks. The men have a larger lobule than the women, and the lobule is responsible for controlling the perception of speed and the mental ability to rotate 3-D objects.
It is said that the men have a bigger lobe than the women because of the old times when they were required to hunt and to lead. In numerous tests, the boys beat the girls 4:1 in spatial ability, which means that the ability is acquired from birth. It has also been discovered that the brain of the man has the capability of focusing on one thing at a time, whereas the brain of the woman is capable of multitasking much more efficiently.
The brain of the man is bigger than the one of the woman, as it has 4 percent more cells and it is approximately 100 grams heavier. However, each of the sexes has equal brain weight to body weight ratio. The brain of the woman is more compact and is more filled with neurons, and the area associated with language and social interaction is larger than in the case of the men. Men are better than women at geometry and navigation, but women are better than men at language, exceeding them with 6:1.
Males have higher risks of developing dyslexia because the language centers are smaller and are located in only one hemisphere. Speech defects and stuttering are more common in boys, but despite of that fact, they average 3-4 IQ points more than women. It has been discovered that each brain initially develops as a female brain, changing into a male brain only after the 8th week after the conception. That is when the aggression center is increased and the language center is decreased.
It is a known fact that women live longer than men, and one of the reasons for it, might be that they do not engage in such dangerous activities and jobs as the men do. Both men and women have the same chances of developing mental illnesses, but the situation is different when it comes to chronic illnesses, as the men have higher chances of developing them.
The main reason for that is that the women have two X chromosomes, and as a result they do not have too much testosterone. The men have higher levels of testosterone and as a result they will show symptoms of the diseases if there is something wrong with their X chromosome.
When it comes to aging, women are in disadvantage, but the situation for the men is not too great either. The neurons of the women deteriorate in a different manner than the ones of the men, and as a result they have higher chances of developing dementia. However, they do not lose the brain tissues as fast as the men do. Women also get wrinkles much faster than the men and the main reason for that is that they lose the collagen much faster.
On the other hand, the men usually go bald when they reach a certain age, which can not be said about the women. The X chromosome is responsible for it once again. Arthritis and hypertension are also most common in the case of the women as well.