Travel Guides: Federated States Of Micronesia
Micronesia (Federated States of Micronesia) is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean north of Papua New Guinea. The state is a sovereign state in free association with the United States of America.
Previously, the territory was part of the territory under the trusteeship of the Pacific Islands, a territory under United Nations trusteeship administered by the United States. Palikir is the capital of the Federated States of Micronesia since 1989, when the city took the place of Kolonia. It has a population of 4571 inhabitants. The city is located on the island of Pohnpei. The tropical climate of the country is generally characterized by heavy rainfall throughout the year, especially in the eastern islands. Micronesia has a volcanic origin and a relief ranging from the tall mountain to the bottom composed of atolls and coral reefs.
The Federated States of Micronesia attract more adventurous travelers, and sports divers, underwater photographers, mountaineers and those who roam the world with their backpack on their back. Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk and Yap are the four island states that make up the Federated States of Micronesia, consisting of over 600 tropical islands and atolls. The tropical warm waters and the prolific marine life transformed into gardens of coral reefs and striking beauty artificial shelter hundreds of fish and marine animals. Coral reefs, beautiful beaches and blue waters are among the first choices of tourists.
Main attractions: Micronesia has many spectacular white sand beaches and warm water, which attracts many tourists. Soekehsce Mountain offers spectacular views of the rock Sokehs, Kolonia port and the fauna and flora. Historical centers such as Spanish Wall, the Pohnpei Catholic steeple, Japan Communications Center, the ancient ruins of Nan Madol in Pohnpei and Kosrae INSARU ruins; Museums: Chuuk and Kosrae; Kepirohi waterfalls, cascades and twins Sahwartik Liduduhniap. Culinary habits in Micronesia do not vary greatly across the territory. There are some differences due to local climate and geographical features.
Foods include root of taro, bread fruit, coconut and “yam” (root yams). Root yams occupy a central place in local culture. Semi-prepared foods and breakfast cereals are already a routine for many Micronesian. Some parts of Micronesia have been colonized by Spain but total colonization took place until the end of the 19th century when these regions were controlled by the United States, Germany and Britain. Meanwhile, Spain has sold part of the German colonies and the rest are lost in the war with the United States in 1898. Today most of Micronesia is composed of independent states, Guam and Wake islands except territories which the United States and the Northern Mariana Islands as part of the Commonwealth of the United States.
Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk and Yap are the four island states that make up the Federated States of Micronesia, consisting of over 600 islands and atolls. Each state has its own language, culture, traditions and history. Both Kosrae and Pohnpei are lying to the east from the group and share a similar climate and geography. The islands are volcanic and mountainous peaks are shrouded in clouds, lush tropical forests, thunderous waterfalls and hidden pools of water. Kosrae and Pohnpei have in common coral reefs, beautiful beaches and blue waters. Ruins of Lelu have achieved the twelfth century golden age, but Nan Mandol was built in 500.
Chuuk is famous for scuba diving among wrecks. The lagoon has vast of 48 km long was the site of fierce battles and is now full of wrecks of over 100 ships and planes from the Second World War. Warm tropical waters and prolific marine life have turned it into gardens of coral wreckage of striking beauty and artificial reefs are home to hundreds of fish and marine animals. Yap has managed to escape much of modern developments, residents carrying a traditional lifestyle. Yap Warriors sailed to Palau centuries ago, to make huge pieces of stone. These rocks may have a circular diameter up to two meters. Most of the money is in a location called the bank, but some coins near the homes are traditional to mark dweller status. Locals also boast the world’s largest coin and gladly share their paradise with visitors.
Main attractions: Visit the most important historical sites of the States – Spanish Wall, the Pohnpei Catholic Bell, Center for Japanese wartime communications from Xavier High School in Chuuk, ancient ruins of Nan Madol in Pohnpei and Kosrae INSARU ruins; Enjoy the culture in small museums in Chuuk and Kosrae; Explore the magnificent waterfalls. Two of the most beautiful are Kepirohi and Sahwartik. 20 minutes away from Kolonia is the Nanpil River, a great natural swimming pool; all states have spectacular white sand beaches and warm water. Admire the underwater life and scenery making diving. In Kosrae are over 50 diving sites, with coral reefs close to shore. In the state Pohmpei Atoll dives in ant, Pakin Atoll and Black Coral. Chuuk State is famous for Truk Lagoon, where the Japanese sank an entire fleet. Yap island shores are visited each year by groups of big sea cats.
Step through moderate route on Mount Soekehs to see sights on rock Sokehs, Kolonia harbor, fauna and flora. Pohnpei State residents have more than 100 words that refer to the root of iganama and cultivate it to gargantuan proportions. Root yams occupy a central place in local culture. “Sakau” or “kava” as it is called in the rest of Polynesia is made from the bark of a tree that secretes a substance slightly with narcotic properties. There are several bars which serve “sakau”. The alcohol is banned in Chuuk.
Inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian the Islands were colonized by Spain in the seventeenth century. Germany bought the islands from Spain in 1898. They were occupied by Japan in 1914, but U.S. forces have taken it from the Japanese in WWII. In April 1947 the UN Security Council created the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Northern Mariana Trust management transfer, Carolina and the U.S. Marshall Islands. Federation of Micronesia became independent in 1979 and in 1983 accepted a free association agreement with the U.S. In 1986 the Federal States of Micronesia became independent. In 2002 the agreement was renewed for 20 years.
The Federation was received in the UN in September 1991 and in 1993 the country became a member of the International Monetary Fund. Micronesia and other South Pacific countries are concerned about the effect of global warming that threatens the islands sinking lower. In 2004, Yap was devastated by Typhoon Sudel and much of the infrastructure was destroyed.Capital: Palikir; Local Time: Chuuk and Yap: GMT + 10, Kosrae and Pohnpei: GMT + 11; Main languages spoken: English. Currency: U.S. Dollar.