Travel Guides: Lima
Lima is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Peru and also it is the capital of Lima Province. It is the shopping, industrial, financial and cultural center of the country. The city is located in the valleys of the rivers Chillon, Rimac, Lurin. It is located on the west coast of the country, near the Callao Port at the Pacific Ocean. The total population was 6,117,489 inhabitants in 1995, from which almost one third live in settlements of huts on the periphery.
Lima was founded by Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, becoming one of the foundations of Spanish power in Peru. Notable buildings include Cuzco Cathedral (XVI century) and San Marcos National University (1551). Lima is known as the City of Kings. For more than three centuries, Lima was one of the most important and influential cities of South America. In more than four centuries since its founding as a Spanish city, Lima has emerged as an expression of metise heritage.
In Lima has also developed an important industry: major manufactures are motor vehicles, textiles, paper, paint and food products. The city of Lima was founded by conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, originally being named The Loyal City Of The Peru Kings. The first maps of the city can be seen simultaneously the name Lima and the name “City of Kings.”
At the beginning of XXI century Lima metropolitan area has a population of 6,954,583 inhabitants and is adjacent to El Callao, which is in the process of megalo-polisation. Lima is now a modern city, but still keeps its vireinal style, style that can be seen in older neighborhoods in the central part of the city. Lima is located on the Pacific coast, the center of the country (Peru). Even if at first the city was founded along the Rimac River, today it has expanded the on wide desert areas, and other valleys, for which some consider to be the city with most desert territory, followed by Cairo.
It is situated at an altitude of 101 meters above sea level, with an ambient temperature range between 14 degrees in winter and 27 degrees in summer and has a 80% relative humidity throughout the year. It stretches along the coastline, starting from km 50 of the Panamera road north from the Ancona district, bordering the province Huaral by Pucusana district at km. 60: Panamera road south at the boundary of the province Cañete. Length of its coasts and beaches do not exceed 130 km.
Gran Lima is currently an area of 2664.67 km² (total area of the province) including Chillon river valleys, Rímac, Surco and Lurín and desert between them. Called City of Kings, was during the vice-kingdom, scepter and the pride of Spain in America, because this beauty has been particularly busy, dubbed the “garden city” because of the multitude of parks that it had.
The historical center still preserves today balconies and construction period and the early years of the republic for which it was declared as Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 1988. This area contrasts with the modern financial southeast metropolitan area with many new neighborhoods and the suburbs. Currently, the city built area is approximately 500 km². Approximately one third of the population lives in the capital. The 7 million inhabitants are mostly migrants from rural areas of the country.
During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries has been a significant migration from Asia and Europe. Racial demography of Lima: 40% crossbred; 29% Native American (85% quechuani and 15% aymarani); 25% white (65% Spanish and 35% others (Italians, Germans, mainly); 3% black; 3% Asian (Japanese, Chinese).
Lima is one of the main cultural centers in Peru. It hosts 28 universities including the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Decana of América, the oldest on the continent, which was founded on May 12, 1551. Lima is the capital city of Peru and the department of Lima. It is the seat of the Government Palace, the Congress of the Republic and Supreme Court Justice. It also established the General Secretariat of the Andean Community of Nations and the Union of South American Nations.
The city is part of the province of Lima, which is subdivided into 43 districts. Unlike other municipalities, the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima is also the regional government of the province, but said that does not integrate any administrative region in accordance with Article 65 of Law No regional governments 27,867 in November 2002. It is the capital district of Cercado de Lima.
Peruvian Capital concentrates over 75% of industrial and financial center of the country. The main economic sectors are industry, trade and services such as tourism. There are over 450 urban transport lines, consisting mainly of buses and minibuses carrying out public service. Immigration rural and municipal leadership lack of action has created a chaotic transport system, whose solution is a major concern of residents of Lima. There is also an electric train that operates in an area 10 km south of the city that are under construction to continue their journey north of the city.
There are beaches all along its coastline, almost 100 km in length and roads to be easily accessed in less than 40 minutes. This will provide residents in the summer can reach the most popular places for leisure. Many commercial establishments such as pharmacies, supermarkets and bazaars await customers 24 hours a day, and some work around the clock throughout the year. This is observed mainly in the services area (supermarkets, gas stations, banks, shopping centers, restaurants).
It is also home to spread trade can reach more distant places such as beaches, even for a single item ordered. There is a rich offer night entertainment centers like bars and discos, scattered around the bohemian Barranco and Miraflores districts, residential areas and managers as San Isidro, La Molina and popular areas like Los Olivos and Comas. In summer, people used to go to Lima in the southern part of town where dance on the beaches of Punta Hermosa Distrito Asia and night are the busiest centers.
Offer cinemas in the city are large and modern rooms is the latest generation schedules often launches international films in the United States and Europe. There are also several shopping centers. The most important are: Jockey Plaza, Plaza San Miguel, Mega Plaza Norte, Plaza Lima Sur, Primavera Park Plaza. Lima, as a point of entry, has developed an important tourist offer, which is remarkable historic, archaeological centers, nightlife, city museums and many holidays and folk traditions.
At the fourth conference on gastronomy, high level, the Madrid Fusion 2006, the city of Lima was declared the gastronomic capital of Latin America. Lima is an important economic center of the country, attracts tourists like a magnet because of exceptional museums, nightlife and music scene strongly represented. It has an impressive architecture, hospitable people and a glorious past.
Lima, the center of Spanish power in the New World for three centuries after Pizarro conquered Peru, is the focus point that draws the country into a single land. The capital is the starting point for most visitors’ itineraries and enjoys a remarkable legacy of art and architecture from its colonial period, while museums are filled with artifacts of gold, ceramics and fabrics excavated from ancient settlements of the country.
The construction of luxury hotels has meant an explosion of pretty residential neighborhoods. Find general information on Lima, the capital of Peru, for your next trip to San Isidro and Miraflores in Lima, whose attractions are beautiful houses and flower-filled parks, cafes and restaurants, theaters and nightlife dynamics.
Shopping in Lima is excellent. Its boutiques and handicrafts shops are full of good deals with gold and silver jewelry, leather, pottery, weavings, soft alpaca and vicuña wool weaving. Dinner is also a delicacy for Peruvian cuisine; it is, quite simply, served hot in a stylish and comfortable restaurant in the gardens or the sea.11