Travel Guides: Lima Part 2
Peru is a country located in western South America. To the north it is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia, in east by Brazil and south-east by Bolivia. To the south it is the bordered by Chile and to the west lies the Pacific Ocean. The official name of the state is the Republic of Peru. Peru is a multiethnic country with a rich cultural and archaeological importance. It is known internationally as the Inca empire motherland. Headquarters of the Andean Community and the South American Community of Nations are in the capital of Peruvian state, Lima.
With its rich history, contemporary Peruvian folk culture is the result of a merger between cultures, mainly from the Inca and Hispanic. This cross cultural history has been enriched by other non-Hispanic cultures like European, African and Asian. Cultural junctions have favored the emergence of a very rich and diverse culture known worldwide.
Plaza Major – Treasures from the colonial era are visible around the historic squares, surrounded by glorious cathedrals which house the treasures and the remains of Pizarro, the Presidential Palace with the daily ceremony of changing the guard and the palace of the Archbishop and luxurious hall with carved wooden balconies. Colonial jewel of the city is the Casa de Aliaga since 1533, being the home to descendants of the conquistador Jeronimo of Aliaga.
Churches in Lima – Among the city’s beautiful churches include La Merced, San Pedro and Santo Domingo, all overwhelmingly baroque, engraved with gold interiors and painted ceilings. The jewelry from the sixteenth century is San Francisco. Monasteries of nuns and monks are decorated with tiles from Seville and inside the church are a museum of religious art and a complex of catacombs, very sinister, full of bones.
General information about the museums in the capital Lima:
Peruvian treasures recovered from ancient civilizations can be seen at the National Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology and the Nation Museum. A superb collection of ceramics, textiles, gold, silver, erotic pottery is on display at the Larco Museum and historical luxurious pre-Hispanic textiles are exhibited at the Museum Amano. Thousands of gold artifacts can be seen at the Gold Museum of Monterrico. Enrico Poli Museum houses a unique collection of colonial furniture and silverware.
Barranco – With its district of colonial houses from the nineteenth century, this suburb chose for a long time to be the receiver of bohemian artists and writers. A particular interest is the colonial decorative arts that can be done in Pedro de Osma Museum of Art.
Pachacamac – In the past one of the pre-Columbian settlements in the Peruvian coast, the ceremony served as a center for culture pre-Inca and Inca cultures. The ruins are located 20 miles south of Lima, where there is an on-site museum.
Lima is an important economic center of the country because it attracts tourists like a magnet because of the exceptional museums, its nightlife and the music scene that is strongly represented. Its impressive architecture, hospitable people reminds of a glorious past.
Plaza San Martin – It is one of the largest and most beautiful squares in Lima and one whose architecture was influenced by French style. It was inaugurated in 1921 in honor of the first centenary of Peru’s independence. Currently, the market is paved with cubic stones, and from place to place, there are lanterns which add romance to the market.
Fortaleza del Real Felipe – It is a stone fort with walls shaped in pentagons, which was built to combat pirate attacks. It played an important role in the fight for independence. It was designed by architect Luis Gaudin and was completed by Viceroy Amat in 1773. The need for protection and intent to print an austere appearance caused the structure to have a uniform design in accordance with the neo-classical style.
Catedral de Lima – The cathedral is surrounded by 12 chapels, one of these sheltering the remains of the conquistador. The interior is decorated with many crucifixes, columns and chandeliers. It worth also to pay attention to the altar dedicated to St. Toribio Mogrovejo.
Alameda Chabuca Granda – This observation point carries your eyes to the Rimac River, the abandoned train station, the Cerro San Cristobal or the multitude of colonial residences. The square has three amphitheatres where music concerts take place with Criollo (Creole) music. From time to time you will find food stalls which will give you the opportunity to experience authentic snacks and desserts.
Chino District is one of the largest in South America. Walking around you will be able to meet the Millennium product behavior and culture, you will enjoy your food or you can enjoy the many restaurants called “chifas”. Plaza de Torros de Acho was built in 1760 and is the oldest American and third oldest in the world. Inside the Taurino museum you can find a lot of clothing collections.11