Travel Guides: United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven sovereign emirates, formed when the British withdrew from the Gulf in 1971.
The capital, Abu Dhabi, is in the emirate with the same name. The Arab Emirates are dominated by desert, but is simultaneously a country of contrasting landscapes from sand dunes that inspires the traveler to rich oases, rocky mountains to the fertile plains. United Arab Emirates, one of the tourist destinations that grow the fastest in the world, has all the necessary ingredients for an unforgettable holiday: sun, sand, sea, sports, the legendary duty-free sites in Dubai, an intriguing traditional culture tourist and a safe and welcoming environment.
United Arab Emirates is a state situated in south-eastern Arabian peninsula in the Persian Gulf (in the Middle East), composed of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al-Qaiwain, Ras Al-Khaimah, Fujairah. It borders Oman and Saudi Arabia to the east, south and west. Today is one of the best countries on the Asian continent. It is a federation of seven emirates, with a legal system based on the 1971 Constitution, no elections and political parties. Each emirate has a considerable political autonomy, legal and economic.
Oil is the main source of income and essential component of national GDP. The government is concerned about the economy’s oil dependence, because of different derivatives based economy of oil. It is estimated that the country has oil reserves for another 50 years. The seven emirates of the coast were considered as the United Kingdom, by a treaty of the nineteenth century, to defend territory and foreign business organization. On 2 December 1971, after the emirates won their independence, were united to form the United Arab Emirates. In 1820 the United Kingdom signed the first peace treaty with the tribes in the region to stop piracy. But the treaty sets a new British protectorate, so that the series of maritime attacks continued in May 1853, the United Kingdom to the protection of the territory in March 1892 was only signed to ensure monopoly on trade and farm for Britain.
Names that were received during this period were small emirates of Tregua. UAE has been a protectorate of the United Kingdom from 1853 until 1971, when it declared its independence and formed the Emirates United Arab Emirates. United Arab Emirates formed a federation of seven states, which are driven by an absolute monarch or Sheikh, as they say in Arabic, with specific powers. The central government consists of a supreme council, consisting of 40 members. The Emir monarch of the federation is from the largest emirate in the emirate, Abu Dhabi and Emir Prime Minister is from the most developed emirate, Dubai.
Each state has its own government; Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan is the leader of United Arab Emirates. Differences between the emirates are fairly complicated, with several enclaves in the border Member States. The Emirates are located in the Arabian Peninsula, having locked the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf; they have a land border with Saudi Arabia and Oman. UAE has an area of 82,880 km², including the archipelago of 200 islands, whose surface is 5900 km². Although approximately 65% of the country is covered by desert, the UAE has a varied landscape represented by fertile plains, valleys and mountains (Jebel Hajar and Hazif). South and west of the country are covered by desert, the largest oases is Al Ain, located 160 km east of Abu Dhabi and Liwa in the south-west.
Hajar Mountains cover the eastern part, continuing with the fertile plains and mountains located near Jebel Hafiz Al Ain (Abu Dhabi). The highest point is Jabal Zibir, 1.527m. Climate: tropical and desert with little precipitation and temperatures between 10 ° C and 48 ° C. United Arab Emirates wealth is based largely on the exploitation of oil and natural gas, representing about 40% of GDP. The country is the third Arab Gulf oil producer after Saudi Arabia and Iran (production in Iraq has diminished considerably because of the war). Since 1973, United Arab Emirates have undergone a profound transformation, moving from being a region of poor emirates into a modern state with high living standards. GDP per capita is well below that of countries in Western Europe.
Generosity to reinvest the proceeds of oil and moderate foreign policy has enabled it to play an important game in the problems of the region. Recently, the government seeks to diversify its economic growth points to lower their dependence on limited oil reserves. One result of these efforts is the sustained growth of tourism, infrastructure-based hospitality and entertainment. Relatively low commodity prices, warm weather lasts almost all year, architectural wonders such as the Burj al Arab and Palm Island and the friendliness of its inhabitants have made the United Arab Emirates to be called Singapore or Hong Kong of the Middle East. In 2007, the United Arab Emirates had a population of 4,444,000 citizens. Only 19% were born in the country, 23% are Arab immigrants of Iranian origin, 50% are immigrants from South Asia and the remaining 8% is composed of immigrants from other countries.
The official language is Arabic. Life expectancy is 75 years. 77.9% of the population is illiterate. Religious faith is majority Muslim religion (Islam is the official religion). Without locks, there are significant minorities of Christians, Hindus and other faiths. The media industry is one of the first emirate of Dubai has sought to develop through a series of micro-cities. Dubai Media City has contributed to the communications environment in central Dubai and the region, through television and new media communication, advertising and marketing of fishing. A number of international news organizations including Reuters, Associated Press, Agence France Presse, Bloomberg, Dow Jones Newswires, CNN and the BBC, all have a presence in Dubai Media City, and enjoys complete freedom to report on local and regional.11